Sunday, February 19, 2012

Combined GMST trend viewer.

In a few posts I have been showing plots of all possible trends that you could calculate from global temperature time series, with some emphasis on statistical significance. The original post just showed trends; the next showed trends that lacked statistical significance in faded colors, and then I tried to show more detail with plots of confidenced limits and t-statistics.

The plots are available for various land, ocean and combined datasets. I added SST at some stage, and the various gadget capabilities improved. There are some similar posts with special datasets.

I did some more programming to allow a fuller set of summary statistics when you click on the main plot. So I thought it was a good time to gather the various facilities in a single plot, since they use the same dataset.

Here is a brief summary of the things you can do:
  • You can choose from 11 datasets (right buttons)
  • You can choose time periods - this shows the same data on an enlarged scale for shorter recent periods
  • You can select the variable to display - just trend, trend with significance marked, or the upper or lower confidence limit (CI), or the t-statistic, which is the ratio of the calculated trend to its standard error.
  • With each dataset selection, a graph of the time series appears top right. There are two balls, blue and red, indicating the ends of the selected trend period (showing the trend). You can click on the red and blue bars to change this selection; there are also nudgers at each corner of the plot.
  • The triangle plot has the start of the trend period on the y-axis, and the end on the left. You can click on any point to show details. There appear next to the plot on the right, and the time series plot will update to show the trend.
  • At the bottom right is a url which incorporates the current state. You can copy it to use as a link; it will bring up the post with the selections as you had them when you copied.

I'll briefly discuss some of the scientific/technical issues below the plot, but the main discussion is in the posts linked above. Here is the plot:

Plot Data
Display Years
Upper CI trend
Lower CI trend
t-statistic trend
Land and Ocean
Land Only
Sea Surface

You'll notice that the colors are mainly rainbow, with some added gray/browns for significant levels. These include trends 0 and 1.7 °C/century - the latter represents a kind of recent average useful as a visual marker. On t-statistics I've colored 1.96 and -1.96, as the 95% significance levels.

There are 255 rainbow color levels - the legend shows a selection of representative values. The scales are non-linear; using an inverse tan mapping so that all possible values are within the color range.

The CI plots are useful for looking up whether a chosen level has been significantly exceeded (or under-run). People are often looking to see if some forecast level has been significantly deviated from, usually on the low side. To check, say, where the trand has been significantly less than 2°C/century, look at the lower CI plot and the corresponding color level. You'll notice that this plot has the zero level in a gray color; that corresponds to the border of significance in the "trend with significance" style plot.

The nudgers in the time series plot move the balls my a small amount, varying depending on how far from the center you click. Smallest jump is 1 pixel, and then by 2x steps to 16. The movements are:
  • Top left (blue) blue ball only
  • Top rightt (purple) both in parallel
  • Bottom left (gold) both in opposite direction
  • Bottom right (red) red ball only
As they move they show the new trend. The gold is useful for showing trends centred on a point in time; the pruple for trends of fixed length.

A note on performance - there are 264 images here, typically 50 Kb They are downloaded when first requested, so the page loads quite quickly, but if you request a lot of pictures, you may notice a slowdown, since they are held in memory.

I'll try to keep this version updated as new data comes in, and add new datasets as appropriate.

1 comment:

  1. Dear Sir/Madam,

    I have the pleasure to brief you on our Data Visualization software
    "Trend Compass".

    TC is a new concept in viewing statistics & trends in an animated way
    by displaying in one chart 5 axis (X, Y, Time, Bubble size & Bubble
    color) instead of just the traditional X and Y axis. Discover trends
    hidden in spreadsheets. It could be used in analysis, research,
    presentation etc. In different business sectors, to name a few we
    have Deutsche Bank, NBC Universal, RIM, Vanguard Institutional
    Investor, Ipsos, Princeton University as our clients.

    Link on Drilling feature (Parent/Child) - Just double-click on any bubble:

    NBC presentation on TED using Trend Compass exported Videos on CNN

    Link on our new Geographical Trend Compass (Earthquake in Japan - Mag
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    Link on Ads Monitoring on TV Satellite Channels.

    Link on UK Master Card vs Visa performance :

    Links on Funds:

    Link on other KPIs :

    Link on Chile's Earthquake (Feb 27th 2010):
    Link on weather data :

    Bank link to compare Deposits, Withdrawals and numbers of Customers
    for different branches over time:

    Misc Examples :

    Princeton University project on US unemployment :

    A video presentation by Professor Alan Krueger Bendheim Professor of
    Economics and Public Affairs at Princeton University and currently
    Chief Economist at the US Treasury:

    You can download a trial version. It has a feature to export
    EXE,PPS,HTML and AVI files. The most impressive is the AVI since you
    can record Audio/Video for the charts you create.

    Video on Trend Compass:

    Since we already develop 3D Virtual Reality applications, please find
    below a link on a prototype for a new 3D VR Trend Compass application:


    Trend Compass Team
    Epic Systems