In the earlier thread Tim Osborn commented here, to say mainly that the changes were due to changes (mainly additions) to station data, and listed the particular additions to HADCRUT 4.3. He also later made the important point that there is a good reason why the trends rise with new data. HADCRUT is a land/ocean set, but the empty cells are mainly on land, and the new data allows some of them to be filled. HADCRUT is an average by grid (area-weighted), in which cells without data are simply not included. That has the effect of assigning to them the global average, which is dominated by sea temp. If new stations assign to empty cells genuine land values, that will increase the trend, because land is warming more rapidly. HADCRUT had artificially low trends because of this missing value policy, as was remedied by Cowtan and Way (2013) - discussed here in a series of posts, with links here.
But another feature of HADCRUT transparency is insufficiently appreciated. For Ver 4, at least, they give a complete listing of station data for each version, with each station file documented. Here is a typical version file; it is for 4.4, but just change that URL to 4.2 or whatever you want. Each links to a zip file of the station data for that version (except for Poland), which has a URL like http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/hadobs/crutem4/data/previous_versions/126.96.36.199/station_files/CRUTEM.188.8.131.52.station_files.zip. I'm spelling out the URL because if you click on it, it will immediately download about 18Mb. But again, you can edit for other versions.
I couldn't find, though, inventory files, except for 4.5. But it's easy enough to make them from the file headers. So I've done that, and placed the zipfile here (612 Kb). It has a csv file for each of 4.2-4.5, and the columns have 3 letter abbreviations meaning:
- num - a unique HAD station number
- nam - name of station
- cou - country name
- lat - latitude in deg
- lon - longitude in deg
- alt - altitude in m
- sta - start year of data
- end - end year
- sou - source id code
So I thought I would just post this information, so that people who really want to know what HADCRUT is up to can look it up. I may in future produce a Google map.